Conversely, a few participants reported that their portion sizes increased, since they were hungrier than usual because they were eating less frequently. The relationship between objectively measured physical activity and parameters of disease control in an African population of type 2 diabetes mellitus. BMC Endocr Disord 20, 15 Clin Sci. Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 87 2 , 18 Nov Am J Clin Nutr. Red meat and fried food were consumed more by males as compared to females. Abstract Background Self- management is vital to the control of diabetes. Translating lifestyle intervention to practice in obese patients with type 2 diabetes: Improving control with activity and nutrition ICAN study. Am J Clin Nutr. The nine food groups were: cereals, roots and tubers; vitamin-A-rich vegetables and fruits; other fruit; other vegetables; meat, poultry and fish; legumes; fats and oils; dairy products and eggs.
A priori we decided to initially use 4. The review of various studies suggests that T2DM patients require reinforcement of DM education including dietary management through stakeholders health-care providers, health facilities, etc. It seems as if the benefits of objective biofeedback provided by measuring their blood glucose levels enhances the benefits of monitoring appetite [ 29, 30 ] and dietary intake [ 31 ]. A satiety index of common foods. It has been estimated that the number of diabetes sufferers in the world will double from the current value of about million to million during the next 25 years. Am J Epidemiol. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U. Hydrogenation is a process that changes liquid vegetable oil into a solid fat such as hard margarine. However, most participants viewed measuring their blood glucose as a useful behaviour for gaining awareness of their eating habits. Effect of a multifactorial intervention on mortality in Type 2 diabetes.
Self- management is vital to the control of diabetes. This study aims to assess the diabetes self-care behaviours of patients attending two tertiary hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa. The study also seeks to estimate the inequalities in adherence to diabetes self-care practices and associated factors. A unique health-facilities based cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst diabetes patients in Our study sample included people living with diabetes. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire. Diabetes self-management practices considered in this study are dietary diversity, medication adherence, physical activity, self-monitoring of blood-glucose, avoiding smoking and limited alcohol consumption. Concentration indices CIs were used to estimate inequalities in adherence to diabetes self-care practices. Multiple logistic regressions were fitted to determine factors associated with diabetes self-care practices. Dietary diversity was associated with being female, being retired and higher wealth index.